Signs of osteoporosis with diagnosis and treatment explained 2020
Signs of osteoporosis is a condition in which there is a significant decrease in bone mass as well as structural deterioration of bone tissue that is more prone to fracture over time. Because bones support our bodies, protect our internal organs, and store vital nutrients and blood-producing cells, building and maintaining bone mass is essential to our overall health and overall well-being.
The most important years of bone mass accumulation range from pre-adolescence to 30 years of age. Diet, sedentary lifestyle or full immobilization, special illnesses or diseases, insufficient bone formation depending on youth, age, widespread or prolonged use of certain drugs, excessive use of alcohol, use of tobacco products, ethnicity, hormones, gender osteoporosis is four times more likely to develop) and genetics all contribute to the development of osteoporosis.
Boneless, thin women are also at particular risk, especially Caucasian and Asian women. Even if you’re a man, you’re not off the hook! More than 2 million men in the United States are diagnosed with osteoporosis. Although this number appears small compared to the number of women with the disease, unsatisfactory research can contribute to incomplete or inaccurate diagnoses and lead to an underestimation of the problem among health professionals.
Bones affected by osteoporosis can break even with mild trauma. Normal bones are slightly porous but still dense; The bones showing symptoms of advanced osteoporosis are sponge-shaped and very fragile. In some extreme cases, only a blow to the arm or leg can cause a fracture! However, in most people, osteoporosis begins gradually and can go unnoticed for years without special testing until the problem becomes severe enough to warrant a trip to the doctor’s office.
This wrist or ankle can be a sign of a larger disease for people at risk for the disease. Therefore, it is crucial to know what osteoporosis is, what its symptoms are, how to prevent it, and – if you already have osteoporosis – how to treat it.
Diagnosis of Osteoporosis
There are several ways to diagnose osteoporosis. The most accurate and essentially painless method for determining an individual’s osteoporosis is to perform a special X-ray method called densitometry. Densitometry allows the measurement of bone volume or bone mineral density (BMD).
The patient’s BMD is compared to that of a young adult of the same sex, with their peak (often referred to as the “average young adult.”) According to the World Health Organization, if BMD is scientifically significantly lower, then the 2.5 adult variance is below the young adult average – then the patient has been diagnosed with osteoporosis.
There are currently four diagnostic categories for bone loss. Ideally, an individual’s BMD is normal or close to that of a young adult with peak bone mass. If the bone mass is associated with some loss but is not sufficient to diagnose an osteoporotic patient, the next category would be osteopenia or “low bone mass”. Osteoporosis is the next category.
The most extreme case is severe osteoporosis.
The diagnosis seems simple enough and doesn’t take long. However, osteoporosis is often referred to as a “silent” disease; most people with osteoporosis are diagnosed only if the disease has been going on for years and has been broken by a wrist, hip, ribs, or vertebrae to see a doctor or hospital.
Unfortunately, most X-ray technology is not able to detect osteoporosis until there is 30 percent bone loss. So entering a hospital with broken bones with x-rays does not necessarily indicate the onset or progression of osteoporosis. If you are at risk for the disease (see list below), you may want to consider consulting your healthcare provider about osteoporosis testing options.
- Caucasian or Asian
- older age
- use tobacco products
- you consume excessive amounts of alcohol
- sitting or motionless
- boned and/or thin
- family history of osteoporosis
- calcium intake is unsatisfactory in the long run
- low testosterone (men)
- estrogen deficiency
- history of anorexia nervosa
- use of certain medications (such as corticosteroids and antispasmodics)
Prevention of Osteoporosis
Because osteoporosis is not curable, prevention is critical. Fortunately, prevention is easy for most people because it simply requires discipline. And the younger you start, the better!
A healthy, balanced diet with a lot of calcium and vitamin D is a decent beginning. Nutrition surveys show that many women and girls receive less than 50% of the calcium needed to form and maintain bone peaks; Depending on your age, most people need 1000 to 1300 mg of calcium a day. Vitamin D helps in the absorption of calcium, so even if you are taking calcium supplements, you need to check that your diet contains enough vitamin D; the recommended daily amount of vitamin D is 400-800 IU per day.
Consistent weight-bearing exercise is another preventative measure. Walking, jogging, tennis, basketball, soccer, climbing stairs and even bowling are good ways to keep your bones healthy (sorry, fishing doesn’t matter!). You can get into habit of walking by parking your car away from the grocery store entrance, or even asking some friends to go on a routine trip in the area or at the local mall.
Team sports are common among children and adolescents, but many adults find it difficult to obtain information about the league in their area. If you’ve looked online, checked the newspaper and other local news, and still can’t find a sports team in the area, why not start your own team? Involving others is a great way to stay motivated and keep others healthy around you.
Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption adversely affect your bone mass, so if you currently smoke daily or consume too many drinks, you may want to re-evaluate your lifestyle if only to protect your bones. If you compile a list of the pros and cons of smoking and alcohol consumption, there are plenty of incentives to quit.
And with current medical developments designed to help people who are trying to break a habit (patches, gum, etc.), it may be “clean” easier than you think.
Finally, if you think there is a risk of osteoporosis, you may want to get an early diagnosis and consult a healthcare professional. Early diagnosis can help take preventative measures, look for signs of osteoporosis, and facilitate treatment. By densitometric measurement of bone density, you can get an idea of whether bones are healthy and, if not, how exposed you are to the risk of fractures.
Your health care provider provides the best information and counseling services for preventing, diagnosing, and treating osteoporosis, but educating through books, articles, and online resources will help you better understand what the disease is and how it can affect you and those around you.
Treatment of Osteoporosis
Although research is ongoing, there is currently no complete cure for osteoporosis. The best way to curb the disease is to quit smoking, quit drinking, and exercise regularly (not tiringly, just consistently). Incorporating adequate amounts of calcium and vitamin D into a balanced diet is also a good way to “shape” bones.
There are several recommended drugs to treat the effects of osteoporosis. FDA-approved bisphosphonates and calcitonin are generally prescribed to stop bone loss and increase bone strength. Hormone replacement therapy (administration of estrogens and progesterone) has also been suggested, but current debates about the possible increased risk of each cancer have led to a general reassessment of the benefits against the potential risks.
For most people with osteoporosis, osteoporotic pain has a significant impact on their quality of life. Low back pain caused by deteriorating spine can be relieved with ice packs and heating pads; be careful not to overheat or freeze the area (usually 20 minutes is a good thumb rule). Warming helps to relax the surrounding muscles, and cooling the area helps reduce inflammation.
Physiotherapy and exercise can be a huge help: continuous exercise increases endorphin levels, which relieves pain. The combination of physiotherapy and exercise can result in increased flexibility, strength, better posture and more energy.
Alternative therapies such as massage, acupuncture, and acupressure are also often used to treat osteoporotic pain. Massage for those suffering from the disease is usually gentle; the practitioner often uses oil or powder to facilitate a smooth massage. Although a stronger touch can be used to develop muscle nodules, a deep massage should never be performed on the spine of a person with spinal osteoporosis.
Acupuncture, in which extremely thin, sharp needles are inserted through the skin in certain places, which doctors call “energy lines,” activates nerve endings and releases endorphins. It may take several times to feel a noticeable difference, but because acupuncture does not require medication, many people do not mind the delayed benefits.
For those who suffer from osteoporosis and live alone, acupressure is an excellent option. Direct pressure with your fingertips helps treat pain in certain areas and can be used on its own with a little exercise.