Ovarian cancer: History
When ovarian cancer in addition to affecting the tumor type, two essential factors of the course and prognosis of this cancer:
The disease spread or the tumor stage: in particular one on the ovarian limited disease (FIGO stage I) has a very good prognosis.
If cancer has already spread in the pelvis or has it already come to an infection of the abdominal cavity (called peritoneal) or metastasis, the prognosis worsens.
In patients with very advanced ovarian cancer after completion of cancer therapy often occurs again (relapse).
Size of the possibly remaining after surgery, tumor remnant: The prognosis is better, the less any residual tumor after surgery is.
Ovarian cancer is a malignant tumor that affects the ovaries and in which a regular follow-up after treatment is important.
It is then particularly about a possible recurrence of cancer, known as a recurrence at an early stage. The follow-up studies in ovarian cancer carried this time by a tight schedule:
- In the first three years after therapy: quarterly survey
- In the next two years: Half-yearly survey
- Then: annual survey
During the follow-up visits, the doctor asks the patient about symptoms and abdominal scans and genitals off. Additionally includes an ultrasound examination (sonography) for follow-up in ovarian cancer.
In addition, the follow-up the framework, the stakeholders to manage and absorb mental stress arising from the illness itself and also by the therapy
Ovarian cancer: Prevention
Ovarian cancer is a malignant tumor of the ovary, the possibilities are not yet known for Prevention.
Women who at a young age or were pregnant more than once, but have a lower risk of developing ovarian cancer. Even taking the contraceptive pill reduces the risk of disease.
It is for ovarian cancer no statutory examination for early detection – with symptoms such as indigestion, bleeding (after the menopause or outside the menstrual period ) or weight loss you should consult your doctor so that he can go to the cause of these complaints on the ground.
Ovarian cancer symptoms
- Swelling of the abdomen
- Bloating, abdominal pressure, loss of appetite
- Bloating, indigestion, nausea, weight loss
- Diarrhea or constipation, frequent or difficult urination
- Back pain and radiating pain in the legs
- Rarely, acute abdominal pain strongest
- Rarely, bleeding from the vagina
The signs and symptoms depend largely on the spread of the tumor.
Complaints by the tumor for Ovarian cancer symptoms
Since tumor growth is initially without any symptoms, the majority of ovarian cancers are diagnosed at an advanced stage.
The symptoms begin with mild fatigue, pressure, and bloating in the abdomen and rapid increase in abdominal girth.
This swelling can be caused by an accumulation of fluid in the abdomen (ascites addiction or water belly), but can also be caused by the tumors themselves, which can be very large before they are noticed.
Bladder and bowel are affected by cancer or by pressing the large tumor in these organs, it may be interference with bladder and Darmentleeren arise; it comes to diarrhea, constipation, frequent or difficult urination.
Maybe the woman is suffering from diffuse abdominal discomfort, sometimes even lower back pain. Pressure on nerves can cause pain to radiate down the legs.
Large blood vessels are constricted by the tumor, there is stasis of fluid retention in the legs.
Of advanced ovarian cancer can cause loss of appetite or feeling of fullness, even after a light meal. Other symptoms are bloating, indigestion, nausea, and weight loss.
A rarer symptom is bleeding from the vagina. These are either caused by a tumor invasion into the uterus, but is usually an increased production of estrogen, which is associated with cancer, responsible for it.
Also very rarely, acute pain caused by a rotation of the tumor around his arm, which can lead to rupture of the tumor and bleeding into this. This situation is extremely dangerous because of the resulting peritonitis.
Ovarian cancer symptoms from metastases
Since most cancers of the ovaries develop from the surface, the tumor cells spread very early on in the environment and lead to metastases (metastases) in the peritoneum and in the space behind the uterus.
Most are also the great omentum and part of the diaphragm affected because the lymph passes from the abdominal cavity through the diaphragmatic domes.
The lymph nodes in the pelvis and adjacent to the abdominal aorta at the time of diagnosis is almost always infected with the inguinal lymph nodes and lymph nodes above the collarbone rarer, however.
The pleura is usually drawn early in the disease process affected. Then it comes to painful pleural effusions caused as a result of neoplastic pleurisy.
Often the cancer is growing also in the neighboring organs in the abdominal and pelvic area, such as liver, intestine, or bladder, and leads to corresponding disturbances, such as bowel obstruction, water or a growing belly addiction liver dysfunction.
Tumor spread to the bones or the brain come out first, but are extremely rare.
Discovered Ovarian Cancer Stages
Cancer is an infection that normally leads to fatal consequences, however, if identified at the right moment it can be curable.
Usually, the chances of the cure depend upon the level and intensity of infection. Ovarian cancer stages comprise of four stages.
The infection originates from inside the ovaries themselves.
This is a stage that is most curable because here if the infection is contained and if it is made sure that it won’t spread to the other parts of the body then there are healthy chances to cure if.
Cancer is extremely dangerous if it is out of control.
Ovarian cancer stages provide that at stage one the ovaries are engulfed in with the infection and this is the base point from where it would lead its attack to other primary organs of the body such as the liver and the lungs.
Later in the Ovarian cancer stages especially at stage two it further develops over the fallopian tubes of the ovaries.
Even at this stage, the infection could be contained only if it is picked up by the person or the medical specialists. After this stage, all other stages are extremely dangerous and usually result in extreme measures.
These measures are usually taken in life and death situations. Stage 3 in the Ovarian cancer stages is the primary stage where the infection would extend the area from the pelvic area to the lower tummy area.
This stage is significant because for the first time infection comes into contact with the abdomen cavity. Later the final stage of this cancer is reached which is stage four where lungs and liver fall prey to it.
It is important to understand that Ovarian cancer stages provide a clue regarding the nature of this infection, that how it starts from inside the ovaries and attacks other organs.
Certain genetic alterations (mutations) increase the risk of developing ovarian cancer and breast cancer to cancer.
If these mutations before in a healthy woman, are preventive measures in the discussion: Does the wife’s family planning completed, the removal of the ovaries to be a way to reduce the risk for ovarian cancer.
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